Nature is all about beauty. Love nature and you can find beauty everywhere. Nature is a manifestation of God. Wildlife defines the beauty of nature. Wildlife covers both flora and fauna. There is a saying that one can measure the greatness and moral progress of a nation by looking at how it treats its animals. To protect and preserve wildlife, many wildlife sanctuaries have come into being. The main aim of sanctuaries is to protect nature and the species which are on the brink of extinction. There are many wildlife sanctuaries which are playing a major role in the conservation of wildlife.
Nagarhole National Park is situated Kodagu district and Mysore district in Karnataka. The park is also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park. The park comes under ‘Project Tiger’ which aims at preserving endangered wildlife species. It is located in the Western Ghats and is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The park has a rich population of animals and plants. This park is under consideration by UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as World Heritage Site. The park gets its name from streams. Naga means snake and hole mean streams. The Nagarhole national park was once the hunting reserve of Maharaja of Mysore. Hyder Ali tried to use this reserve to train elephants in the wild into domestic ones. He tried a lot to capture wild elephants but it was not easy.
After years of trial and failure, he left an inscription of a stone that no one would be able to do so. In the 19th century, Captain Sanderson tried and succeeded in the mission. Those camps can be still seen inside the park. It was just 258 square kilometer in area.
This reserve included forest areas of Nalkeri In Kodagu, Arkeri, and others. In 1974, other areas of reserved forest were joined with the hunting reserve and were formally announced as Nagarhole National Park.
The park covered 643.39 square kilometers in 1988. In 2008, the park was recognized as a tiger reserve. From 1870 to 1980, 14% of the park was cleared to plant teak trees. In 1955, laws against hunting large mammals were passed. Despite this, illegal hunting and other activities are common inside the park.
The park spreads over a wide area and it is surrounded by 47 streams, 4 lakes which has water throughout the year. This is the only park in Asia where you can find a high herbivorous density amongst the inhabitants. This park consists of a reservoir and dam. Planning a vacation and staying at wildlife resorts gives the best experience for a traveler.
Explore the beauty of flora and fauna
The region is filled with deciduous forests. The main trees found are rosewood and teakwood. Apart from this, sandalwood, cotton tree, beechwood, Indian gooseberry , clumping bamboo and golden shower tree are also found here.
Being one of the top tiger reserves, you can find the Bengal tiger, leopard, sloth bear, antelope, barking deer, sambar deer and elephant. Jungle bison are also found here. Elephants are spotted where there are bamboo trees. Other common animals to spot are jungle cat, leopard cat, gray langur, mongoose, Indian giant flying squirrel. Nagarhole national park is famous for bird watching too. More than 250 species of birds are found here. The birds are commonly found near the Kabini River. Top birds to spot are blue-bearded bee-eater, Malabar whistling thrush, duck, and herons. The park is an important bird watching spot during the summer season. The artificial lakes and rivers dry into puddles, which attract many birds. Reptiles found in the park are common vine snake, bamboo pit viper, Indian rock python, Indian monitor lizard, common wolf snake and others.
A journey through Jungle
You can experience the best safari at Nagarhole National Park. The best safari is by Jeep for spotting large herbivores and predators. Top animals to spot during a jeep safari are leopard, elephant, tiger. Boat safari is amazing to experience. This safari is the best to spot aquatic wildlife like water birds, crocodile and others. Coracle ride is also available in the river. Most of the people are unaware of the coracle. Coracle is an Indian round boat that is best for slow drifting. During the ride, the coracle is kept along the river to spot land animals too. Bus safari is there in the morning and evening.During peak season, the route of the bus would be shortened to avoid the long queue. The safari timings are
- Bus safari: 6 am to 9 am and, from 3 pm to 5 pm
- Jeep safari: from 5:30 am to 10:00 am and, from 3:00 pm to 7:00 pm
- Coracle ride: from 9 am to 11 am and, from 5 pm to 6 pm
Best time to visit
During the summer, the lakes dry into puddles of water. This attracts many birds and is an excellent time for birdwatching. Travel within the park is also easier. It is better to avoid monsoon season. During heavy rain, the park might be closed for visitors. The place receives heavy rainfall. Leeches are common in this season. Thus, keep caution while enjoying the safari. The land becomes mushy and sticky during rainy season making transportation, harder. Certain safaris might be temporarily stopped during this season and certain regions would be blocked for entry. Winter starts in November and ends in January. The temperature can go as low as 14 degrees C. Migratory birds are common during this season.
The nearest airports are located in Mysore and Bangalore. Bangalore is the nearest international airport to the park. It is located 236 km away from Nagarhole national park. Mysore airport is located just 96 km from the park. Connecting flights are there from Bangalore to Mysore. From Mysore airport, a lot of cabs, buses and other transportations are available to reach Nagarhole national park. The nearest railway station is located in Mysore. The railway station is just 80 km away from the Nagarhole national park. There are train services from various parts of the country to Mysore. From the railway station, one can hire cab or bus to reach the park. Buses to Nagarhole national park are available from Mysore, Bangalore, Madikeri, and others. Taxi services are also available.
Plan a trip to Nagarhole national park and experience the abundant beauty of Mother Nature. You can enjoy all amenities of modern life in the perfect wildlife setting at Kings Sanctuary, Nagarhole.